September 7, 2022

Medical Deductions for Doctor-Recommended Adjustments

Taxpayers who claim their standard deduction amounts can’t deduct their medical costs. Only if they itemize on Form 1040’s Schedule A are they able to deduct such costs. Also, their expenses have to be for bills that aren’t covered by insurance, reimbursed by employers or otherwise satisfied. So says Julian Block, an attorney and former IRS special agent. 

The big hurdle: The expenditures have to be sizable. They’re deductible only to the extent that their total in any one year exceeds 7.5% of adjusted gross income.

More important, amid all the nitpicky rules, taxpayers often overlook a key notion: Deductible expenditures include more than just outlays for doctors, hospitals, eyeglasses, hearing aids, insurance premiums and the like. They’re also entitled to claim payments for medically mandated home improvements, as well as the installation of special equipment or facilities in their houses.

That doesn’t mean, however, that they’re able to deduct all of their payments for equipment or improvements. Those kinds of payments are allowable only to the extent that they exceed increases in the value of their homes.  

An example: Consider “Cora,” who has an asthmatic daughter. An allergist advises Cora to install an air-cleaning system and other kinds of equipment that wind up costing $20,000. The improvements result in an increase of $15,000 in home value. With those numbers, her allowable deduction dwindles to only $5,000.

Other examples of improvements or equipment that readily pass IRS muster are elevators or bathrooms on lower floors that make things easier for persons who are arthritic or have heart conditions. More liberal rules apply when doctor-recommended improvements are made by tenants to rental properties — for instance, wheelchair ramps.

It’s OK for renters to claim all their costs because the improvements don’t boost the value of a dwelling they own. Whether individuals are owners or renters, their deductibles include all their payments for detachable equipment, such as window air conditioners that relieve medical problems.

Working the system

The IRS is willing to cut Cora some slack if she is unable to deduct outlays for improvements because they don’t exceed the increase in the value of her home. She still can deduct payments for operating and maintaining equipment. Such expenses might include electricity, repairs and service contracts, as long as the equipment remains medically necessary.

If you’re hit with unusual medical expenses, go directly to a tax professional for help.

Copyright © 2024

Hobe & Lucas Certified Public Accountants, Inc. is a full-service accounting and business consulting firm dedicated to providing clients with exceptional value.

Upload 8879 Make A Payment

Contact Info

6000 Freedom Square Dr #550

Independence, OH 44131


Check us out on BrokerCheck®.

Investment advisory services are offered through Avantax Planning PartnersSM. Commission-based brokerage services are offered through Avantax Investment ServicesSM, Member FINRA, SIPC. Insurance services offered through licensed agents of Avantax Planning Partners. 3200 Olympus Blvd., Suite 100, Dallas, TX 75019. The Avantax entities are independent of and unrelated to Hobe & Lucas Certified Public Accountants, Inc.

Although Avantax does not provide or supervise tax or accounting services, our Financial Professionals may offer these services through their independent outside business. Financial Professionals may only conduct business with residents of the states for which they are properly registered. Not all Financial Professionals are licensed to offer all products or services. Financial planning and investment advisory services require separate licenses.